pkgsrc: The NetBSD Packages Collection

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There are various techniques for upgrading packages either by using pre-built binary package tarballs or by building new packages via pkgsrc build system. Netbsd binary package install wiki page hopefully will summarize all of the different ways this can be done, with examples and pointing you to further information.

If both -b and -P are given, no pkgsrc tree is used. Be sure you have an updated "pkgsrc" directory. It is recommended that you don't update just parts of the pkgsrc directory. It will then attempt to rebuild and install the package and all the packages that were removed. It is possible, and in the case of updating a package with hundreds of dependencies, arguably even likely that the process will fail at some point.

One can fix problems and resume the update by typing make update in the original directory, but the system can have unusuable packages for a prolonged period of time. Thus, many people find 'make update' too dangerous, particularly for something like glib on a system netbsd binary package install gnome.

To enable manual rollback one can keep binary packages. The netbsd binary package install replace target should only be used by those who understand that there may be ABI issues and can deal with fixing the resulting problems. It is possible that a replaced package will have a different binary interface and thus packages that netbsd binary package install on the replaced packages may not work correctly.

This can be because of a shlib shared library version bump, where depending package binaries will no longer run, or something more subtle.

In these cases, the correct fix is to 'make replace' the problematic depending package. The careful reader will note that this process can in theory require all packages that depend recursively on a replaced package to be replaced. If you are an expert and don't plan to share your packages publicallyyou can also use in your mk.

A particularly tricky case is when package foo is installed, but in pkgsrc has been split into foo and foo-libs. In this case, make replace will try to build the new foo while the old monolithic foo is installed. The foo package depends on foo-libs, and so pkgsrc will go to build and install foo-libs. This will fail because foo-libs will conflict with the old foo. There are three approaches:. In addition, any problem that can occur with building a package can occur with make replace.

Usually, the solution is not make replace specific. It makes a list of all packages that need updating, and sorts them in dependency order. Then, it invokes "make replace" on the first one, and repeats.

The user should remove all working directories and fix the reported problem. This can be tricky, but the same process that is appropriate for a make replace should be followed. Still, for those who can resolve the issues, this is a fairly low-pain and reliable way to update.

User can upgrade his packages with "pkgmanager sync". This command removes packages installed on system which are not listed on want list. Then upgrade all wanted packages and dependencies to new version. If you don't have a production environment or don't care if your packages will be missing for a while, you can just delete everything and reinstall. This expands to all packages, and deletes all packages without caring about dependencies.

The second version of the command should be faster, as netbsd binary package install does not perform any dependency netbsd binary package install. The quotes around the wildcards are so it netbsd binary package install get expanded by the shell first. And reinstall just those from it:. Netbsd binary package install alternative way to choose the packages you want installed is to create your own custom meta-package.

A meta-package doesn't install any files itself, but just depends netbsd binary package install other packages usually within a similar topic or need. If your new meta-package is generic enough and useful for others, please be sure to share it.

This is really basically the same as just having a another physical system to build packages. Manually setup a directory containing your base operating system including compilers, libraries, shells, etc. Put a copy of your pkgsrc tree and distfiles into there netbsd binary package install use mount to mount shared directories containing these.

Then use the "chroot" command to chroot into that new directory. You can even switch users from root to a regular user in the new environment. Then build and remove packages as you wish with out affecting your real production system. Be sure to create packages for everything. Apart from the examples in the man page, it's necessary supply a list of packages you want to build.

After you've built new new packages, you need the list of files to reinstall. The following script will produce the name of netbsd binary package install binary packages:. To go easy on the existing pkgsrc installation, creating a sandbox automated chroot environment is highly recommended here: Last edited at lunch time on Saturday, February 16th,

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This guide provides information for users and developers of pkgsrc. It covers installation of binary and source packages, creation of binary and source packages and a high-level overview about the infrastructure.

Abstract pkgsrc is a centralized package management system for Unix-like operating systems. Table of Contents 1. Roles involved in pkgsrc 1. The pkgsrc user's guide 2.

Where to get pkgsrc and how to keep it up-to-date 2. Getting pkgsrc for the first time 2. As tar archive 2. Via anonymous CVS 2. Keeping pkgsrc up-to-date 2. Via tar files 2. Using pkgsrc on systems other than NetBSD 3. Using binary packages 4. Finding binary packages 4. Installing binary packages 4. Getting information about installed packages 4. Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages 4. Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc 4. Other administrative functions 4.

Building packages from source 4. How to build and install 5. Variables affecting the build process 5. Variables affecting the installation process 5. Selecting and configuring the compiler 5. Selecting the compiler 5.

Selecting Build Options 6. Creating binary packages 6. Building a single binary package 6. Settings for creation of binary packages 7. Creating binary packages for everything in pkgsrc bulk builds 7. Running a pbulk-style bulk build 7. Requirements of a full bulk build 7. Example of cdpack 8. Directory layout of the installed files 8. Frequently Asked Questions 9. Are there any mailing lists for pkg-related discussion? Utilities for package management pkgtools 9. How to use pkgsrc as non-root 9.

How to resume transfers when fetching distfiles? How to fetch files from behind a firewall 9. How do I tell make fetch to do passive FTP? How to fetch all distfiles at once 9. Using 'sudo' with pkgsrc 9. How do I change the location of configuration files? Automated security checks 9. A package does not build.

What shall I do? The pkgsrc developer's guide Creating a new pkgsrc package from scratch Common types of packages Python modules and programs Package components - files, directories and contents Structure of a single patch file Creating patch files Sources where the patch files come from Feedback to the author Other mandatory files Files affecting the binary package Files affecting the build process Files affecting nothing at all Programming in Makefile s Adding things to a list Echoing a string exactly as-is Handling possibly empty variables Man page compression Sharing directories between packages Converting packages to use buildlink3 Anatomy of a buildlink3.

Anatomy of a builtin. Global preferences for native or pkgsrc software The pkginstall framework Files and directories outside the installation prefix Telling the software where configuration files are Disabling handling of configuration files System startup scripts Disabling handling of system startup scripts System users and groups Disabling shell registration Disabling automatic update of the fonts databases Global default options Converting packages to use bsd.

Determining the options of dependencies The build process Directories used during the build process Running a phase The fetch phase What to fetch and where to get it from How are the files fetched? The checksum phase The extract phase The patch phase The tools phase The wrapper phase The configure phase The build phase The test phase The install phase The package phase